The Enlightenment and its legacy are still actively debated, with the Enlightenment acting as a key organizing concept in philosophy, social theory and the history of ideas.

Counter-Enlightenments is the first full-length study to deal with the history and development of counter-enlightenment thought from its inception in the eighteenth century right through to the present. Engaging in a critical dialogue with Isaiah Berlin’s work, this book analyzes the concept of counter-enlightenment and some of the most important issues and problems it raises.

Graeme Garrard explores the diverse forms of thought in this field, with a wide-ranging review of the principle figures of the past two hundred and fifty years, and an incisive assessment of the persuasiveness of the most common and important criticisms of the Enlightenment.

chapter 1|15 pages


chapter 2|20 pages

First shots

chapter 4|19 pages

The return of faith and feeling

chapter 6|15 pages

Enlightened totalitarianism

chapter 7|14 pages

The postmodern challenge

chapter 8|13 pages

From Enlightenment to nothingness

chapter 9|11 pages

Conclusion: hits and misses