First published in 1945, Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s monumental Phénoménologie de la perception signalled the arrival of a major new philosophical and intellectual voice in post-war Europe. Breaking with the prevailing picture of existentialism and phenomenology at the time, it has become one of the landmark works of twentieth-century thought. This new translation, the first for over fifty years, makes this classic work of philosophy available to a new generation of readers.

Phenomenology of Perception stands in the great phenomenological tradition of Husserl, Heidegger, and Sartre. Yet Merleau-Ponty’s contribution is decisive, as he brings this tradition and other philosophical predecessors, particularly Descartes and Kant, to confront a neglected dimension of our experience: the lived body and the phenomenal world. Charting a bold course between the reductionism of science on the one hand and "intellectualism" on the other, Merleau-Ponty argues that we should regard the body not as a mere biological or physical unit, but as the body which structures one’s situation and experience within the world.

Merleau-Ponty enriches his classic work with engaging studies of famous cases in the history of psychology and neurology as well as phenomena that continue to draw our attention, such as phantom limb syndrome, synaesthesia, and hallucination. This new translation includes many helpful features such as the reintroduction of Merleau-Ponty’s discursive Table of Contents as subtitles into the body of the text, a comprehensive Translator’s Introduction to its main themes, essential notes explaining key terms of translation, an extensive Index, and an important updating of Merleau-Ponty’s references to now available English translations.

Also included is a new foreword by Taylor Carman and an introduction to Merleau-Ponty by Claude Lefort.

Translated by Donald A. Landes.

chapter |10 pages


chapter |24 pages

“Attention” and “Judgment”

chapter |14 pages

The Phenomenal Field

part |140 pages

The Body

chapter |6 pages

Introduction To Part One1

chapter |7 pages

The Synthesis of One's Own Body

chapter |23 pages

The Body As a Sexed Being1

chapter |28 pages

The Body As Expression, and Speech

part |178 pages

The Perceived World

chapter |5 pages

Introduction to Part Two

chapter |39 pages


chapter |59 pages


chapter |49 pages

The Thing and the Natural World

chapter |24 pages

Others and the Human World

part |99 pages

Being-for-Itself and Being-in-the-World1

chapter |45 pages

The Cogito1

chapter |26 pages


chapter |26 pages