First published in 1911, this pioneering and ambitious work provides a history of the evolution of republican thought and practice in Europe from the fall of the Roman Empire to the beginning of the twentieth century.

Based a series of lectures delivered by the author at Lowell Institute in 1910, this is a comprehensive treatment of the subject which moves deftly from the political thought of the middle ages through to the rise of Protestantism, the wave of revolution across Europe in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, concluding with an analysis of the republican cause and the permanence of the Republican idea in the consciousness of Europe.

chapter Chapter I|12 pages

Medieval Thought and Ancient Tradition

chapter Chapter II|21 pages

Venice and Florence

chapter Chapter III|19 pages

The Protestant Spirit

chapter Chapter IV|35 pages

The Rise of the French Republic

Le Républicain en France est un être classique.—Michelet

chapter Chapter V|32 pages

The Revolutionary State

chapter Chapter VI|30 pages

The Sower and The Seed

chapter Chapter VII|21 pages

Autocracy and Its Critics

chapter Chapter VIII|22 pages

The Second Republic in France

chapter Chapter IX|18 pages


chapter Chapter X|17 pages

The German Revolution

chapter Chapter XI|27 pages

The Third Republic

chapter Chapter XII|15 pages

An Experiment in Spain

chapter Chapter XIII|16 pages

The Republican Cause