In recent years teachers have realized that change has become a permanent factor on the educational scene and therefore its operation or mechanism must not just be accepted, or even rejected, but above all understood. This book presents an approach towards some real understanding of educational changes and innovations. A number of mechanisms and processes are discussed and analysed in an attempt to present some sort of overview of the agents involved in change, an analysis of the major characteristics of resisters and innovators, an account of the traits and functions of innovative institutions and a description of three particular models which delineate the way in which change occurs. In the final section of the text attention is given to some contemporary educational innovations, and some suggestions provided for dealing with problems involved in their evaluation.

chapter 1|5 pages


chapter 2|5 pages

A Working Definition of Innovation

chapter 4|6 pages

Types and Degrees of Change

chapter 5|4 pages

Planning Educational Change

chapter 6|5 pages

Three Process Models

chapter 8|16 pages

Why Schools Change So Slowly

chapter 9|4 pages

Rates of Diffusion

chapter 10|9 pages

Process Variables

chapter 11|3 pages

The Origins of Change

chapter 12|11 pages


chapter 13|5 pages


chapter 15|6 pages

Overview of Models

chapter 16|4 pages

Overview of Strategies

chapter 17|16 pages

Three Models of How Change Occurs

chapter 18|19 pages

Some Current Educational Innovations

chapter 19|8 pages

Evaluating Change and Innovations

chapter 20|4 pages

Summary 0and Conclusions