BIOS Instant Notes in Microbiology, 4th edition, has been streamlined to concentrate on features that are unique to the microbial world, including viruses, making it a more effective resource for students. Information on pathogenesis will be placed within other sections rather than as a separate section. While retaining the Instant Notes philosophy of only covering core material, the text has been updated throughout and will include metagenomics, next generation sequencing, and more on industrial microbiology.

section Section A|4 pages

The Microbial World

chapter A1|4 pages

The microbial world

section Section B|10 pages


chapter B1|3 pages

Prokaryotic systematics

chapter B2|3 pages

Identification of Bacteria

section Section C|54 pages


chapter C1|2 pages

Discovery and history

chapter C2|3 pages

Prokaryotic diversity

chapter C3|4 pages

Culture of bacteria in the laboratory

chapter C4|4 pages

Enumeration of microorganisms

chapter C5|7 pages

Looking at microbes

chapter C6|10 pages

The major prokaryotic groups

chapter C7|6 pages

Composition of a typical prokaryotic cell

chapter C8|6 pages

The bacterial cell wall

chapter C9|4 pages

Cell division

chapter C10|3 pages

Bacterial flagella and movement

chapter C11|5 pages

Prokaryotes and their environment

section Section D|16 pages

Microbial Growth

chapter D1|7 pages

Measurement of microbial growth

chapter D2|4 pages

Batch culture in the laboratory

chapter D3|5 pages

Large-scale and continuous culture

section Section E|22 pages

Microbial Metabolism

chapter E1|5 pages

Heterotrophic pathways

chapter E3|8 pages

Autotrophic reactions

section Section F|58 pages

Prokaryotic DNA and RNA Metabolism

chapter F2|5 pages


chapter F3|8 pages

DNA replication

chapter F4|10 pages


chapter F5|3 pages

Messenger RNA and translation

chapter F7|4 pages

DNA repair

chapter F8|5 pages

Transfer of DNA between cells

chapter F9|5 pages


chapter F10|5 pages


chapter F11|4 pages


section Section G|14 pages

Industrial Microbiology

chapter G1|2 pages


chapter G2|5 pages

Food microbiology

chapter G4|3 pages

Microbial bioproducts

section Section H|17 pages

Eukaryotic Microbes: An Overview

chapter H1|4 pages


chapter H2|7 pages

Eukaryotic cell structure

chapter H3|6 pages

Cell division and ploidy

section Section I|21 pages

The Fungi and Related Phyla

chapter I1|5 pages

Fungal structure and growth

chapter I2|3 pages

Fungal nutrition

chapter I3|7 pages

Reproduction in fungi

chapter I4|4 pages

Beneficial effects

chapter I5|2 pages

Detrimental effects

section Section J|31 pages

Archaeplastida, Excavata, Chromalveolata, and Amoebozoa

chapter J1|11 pages

Taxonomy and structure

chapter J2|6 pages

Nutrition and metabolism

chapter J3|9 pages

Life cycles

chapter J4|3 pages

Beneficial effects

chapter J5|2 pages

Detrimental effects

section Section K|82 pages

The Viruses

chapter K1|5 pages

Virus structure

chapter K2|5 pages

Virus taxonomy

chapter K3|9 pages

Virus genomes

chapter K4|6 pages

Virus proteins

chapter K5|6 pages

Cell culture and virus propagation

chapter K6|6 pages

Virus assay

chapter K7|11 pages

Virus replication

chapter K8|7 pages

Virus infections

chapter K9|5 pages

Viruses and the immune system

chapter K10|5 pages

Virus vaccines

chapter K11|6 pages

Antiviral chemotherapy

chapter K12|5 pages

Plant viruses