Students of antiquity often see ancient Turkey as a bewildering array of cultural complexes. Ancient Turkey brings together in a coherent account the diverse and often fragmented evidence, both archaeological and textual, that forms the basis of our knowledge of the development of Anatolia from the earliest arrivals to the end of the Iron Age.

Much new material has recently been excavated and unlike Greece, Mesopotamia, and its other neighbours, Turkey has been poorly served in terms of comprehensive, up-to-date and accessible discussions of its ancient past. Ancient Turkey is a much needed resource for students and scholars, providing an up-to-date account of the widespread and extensive archaeological activity in Turkey.

Covering the entire span before the Classical period, fully illustrated with over 160 images and written in lively prose, this text will be enjoyed by anyone interested in the archaeology and early history of Turkey and the ancient Near East.

chapter 1|9 pages


chapter 2|27 pages

Earliest Arrivals

The Palaeolithic and Epipalaeolithic (1,000,000–9600 bc)

chapter 3|45 pages

A New Social Order

Pre-Pottery Neolithic (9600–7000 bc)

chapter 4|62 pages

Anatolia Transformed

From Pottery Neolithic through Middle Chalcolithic (7000–4000 bc)

chapter 5|81 pages

Metalsmiths and Migrants

Late Chalcolithic and the Early Bronze Age (ca. 4000–2000 bc)

chapter 6|28 pages

Foreign Merchants and Native States

Middle Bronze Age (2000–1650 bc)

chapter 7|38 pages

Anatolia's Empire

Hittite domination and the Late Bronze Age (1650–1200 bc)

chapter 8|25 pages

Legacy of the Hittites

Southern Anatolia in the Iron Age (1200–600 bc)

chapter 9|32 pages

A Kingdom of Fortresses

Urartu and eastern Anatolia in the Iron Age (1200–600 bc)

chapter 10|25 pages

New Cultures in the West

The Aegean coast, Phrygia, and Lydia (1200–550 bc)