Written in political exile during the Second World War and first published in 1945, Karl Popper's The Open Society and Its Enemies is one of the most influential books of the twentieth century. Hailed by Bertrand Russell as a 'vigorous and profound defence of democracy', its now legendary attack on the philosophies of Plato, Hegel and Marx exposed the dangers inherent in centrally planned political systems. Popper's highly accessible style, his erudite and lucid explanations of the thought of great philosophers and the recent resurgence of totalitarian regimes around the world are just three of the reasons for the enduring popularity of The Open Society and Its Enemies, and for why it demands to be read both today and in years to come. This is the second of two volumes of The Open Society and Its Enemies.

part |86 pages

The Rise of Oracular Philosophy

part |60 pages

Marx's Method

chapter 14|12 pages

The Autonomy of Sociology

chapter 15|11 pages

Economic Historicism

chapter 16|7 pages

The Classes

part |70 pages

Marx's Prophecy

chapter 18|12 pages

The Coming of Socialism

chapter 19|21 pages

The Social Revolution

chapter 20|28 pages

Capitalism and Its Fate

chapter 21|7 pages

An Evaluation of the Prophecy

part |16 pages

Marx's Ethics

part |52 pages

The Aftermath

part |26 pages


chapter 25|24 pages

Has History Any Meaning?