This book explores what difference development aid has made to the size, complexity, style of functioning, values and future direction of the NGO sector in India. It does this, first, by giving a comprehensive documentation of the experience of Indian NGOs with foreign aid since Independence. Simultaneously, it also analyses, in a broad historical perspective, some of the issues which are the subject of contemporary debate regarding the voluntary sector and aid, such as who decides ‘what’ is development and ‘how’ it should be brought about; whether foreign donors have hidden agendas, and if their aid amounts to cultural imperialism; and whether aid has made NGOs more self-reliant.

The book also looks at the tripartite relationship between NGOs, donors, and governments, examining, for instance, whether the government is justified in imposing restrictions on receipt of funds by NGOs on the grounds that terrorist activities and religiously motivated communal strife are often financed with funds from abroad, with NGOs being used as fronts for both.

chapter 1|28 pages


part I|130 pages

Setting the Stage

chapter 2|24 pages

The NGO 'Beneficiaries'

chapter 3|27 pages

Of Sources and Resources

chapter 4|31 pages

The Foreign Donors

chapter 5|18 pages

Of Strategies and Programmes

chapter 6|28 pages

The Government vs. NGOs and Donors

part II|166 pages

Aid in Action

chapter 7|27 pages

An Unequal Music: The NGO-Donor Interface

chapter 8|32 pages

Sustainability and Other Fairy Tales

chapter 10|38 pages

No Free Lunches

chapter 11|30 pages

Looking Back to Look Forward