Originally published in 1973, the chapters in this volume tackle a wide range of problems arising from this process of modernization. The first section looks at the discussion of ideas and theories about administration in the nineteenth century, when some organizational ideology became firmly-rooted and went unquestioned for many years. These chapters also examine the inevitable questions of reform and major reorganization which later arose in the United States, Britain and elsewhere.

The second section moves on from the theory and practice of administrative structures to some consideration of practical problems within organizations, problems of personnel and administrative method. Management questions of staff conditions and careers and job differentiation are examined, and the Fulton report on reform in such areas is discussed.

The final group of chapters looks at a variety of substantive issues such as defence and civil-military relations, the advent of independence from colonial government, development policies and development administration. Two major themes emerge. One concerns the extent to which administrative organizations are instruments to be used or institutions which exercise an almost autonomous control over our lives; to what extent is public policy translated into real terms by the institutions concerned? The second theme is concerned with the impact of institution on people, both in terms of broad policy and programmes and in practical, day-to-day communication across the counter between rank-and-file bureaucrat and the ordinary citizen.

part I|103 pages

Administration and Organization

chapter 1|24 pages

The Idea of the Ministerial Department

Bentham, Mill and Bagehot

chapter 5|27 pages

Brownlow or Brookings

part II|42 pages

Men and Methods

part III|170 pages

Public Policy Decisions: The Institutional Impact

chapter 9|27 pages

Policy and System in Defence

The Australian Case

chapter 11|26 pages

The Concept of Preparation

Some Questions about the Transfer of Systems of Government

chapter 12|20 pages

Advising about Development

The Example of the World Bank Report on Papua and New Guinea

chapter 15|19 pages

Comparisons, Administration and Development

chapter 16|34 pages

‘Easiness of Access’

A Concept of Queues