"On January 15, 1975, the Reverend Jesse Jackson was leading a demonstration around the White House to protest the lack of jobs for black youths. As the demonstrators marched, Jackson was shocked to discover that many of the black youths marching with him were drunk or on drugs, many of them ""out of control."" Abruptly, he called a halt to the demonstration and sent the marchers home. Within a few months, Jackson launched a national campaign in the urban high schools of the nation to save the black youths of his country, to get them off drugs and motivate them to work hard, study in school, develop self-discipline, and become successful in American society. A program called PUSH for Excellence, or PUSH/Excel, was an outgrowth of his Operation PUSH organization. Society had no solutions for the black teenagers whom Jackson was trying to help, and his efforts were highly praised, at first, by the media and government officials."

chapter |3 pages


chapter 1|13 pages

The Most Controversial Man in America

part One|95 pages

Jesse Jackson and the PUSH/Excel Program

chapter 2|8 pages

A Great Idea

chapter 4|12 pages

School Politics

chapter 5|15 pages

An Inside Look at Two Programs

chapter 6|10 pages

The Federal Evaluation

chapter 7|13 pages

The Federal Verdict: No Program

chapter 8|9 pages

Reactions to the PUSH/Excel Saga

chapter 9|13 pages

The Failure of PUSH/Excel

part Two|68 pages

Jesse Jackson and the Power of Charisma

chapter 10|15 pages

Jackson's Charismatic Leadership

chapter 11|10 pages

The Limits of Charisma

chapter 12|17 pages

The Politics of Race and Social Class

chapter 13|8 pages

Jesse Jackson's Character

chapter 14|14 pages

Postscript: The Presidential Campaigns