This book attempts to illuminate some of the trends and conditions in China just prior to, and at the time of the Communist takeover. The conditions that existed just prior to 1949 provided the immediate starting point, the base line, from which the Chinese Communists, once in power, embarked upon their tremendous political, economic, and social t

chapter |9 pages


part I|85 pages

Disintegration: Nationalist China’s Urban Base

chapter 1|8 pages

Riding High for a Fall

chapter 2|11 pages

Uneasy Isolation

chapter 3|4 pages

“War” in the Suburbs

chapter 4|12 pages

Student Disaffection

chapter 5|8 pages

Business Depression

chapter 6|11 pages

Clique Politics

chapter 7|12 pages

Pressures on Labor

chapter 8|13 pages

Minor Parties in Opposition

chapter 9|4 pages

Collapse of Public Morale

part II|54 pages

Stagnation: Nationalist China’s Rural Hinterland

chapter 10|52 pages

The Status Quo in the Countryside

part III|157 pages

Fragmentation: Warlords, Borderlands, and Political Disunity

chapter 11|24 pages

Old-Style Warlordism

chapter 12|14 pages

Muslim Authoritarianism

chapter 13|10 pages

Chinese in Inner Mongolia

chapter 14|10 pages

Mongol Autonomy

chapter 15|15 pages

Tibetan Border Region

chapter 16|6 pages

The Panchen Lama

chapter 17|46 pages

Chinese Turkestan

chapter 18|14 pages

Disunity in the Southwest

chapter 19|8 pages

End of the Line

chapter 20|8 pages

Island Refuge

part IV|52 pages

Communist Takeover

chapter 21|23 pages

Siege and Turnover

chapter 22|20 pages

Takeover and Consolidation

chapter 23|7 pages

Fan Shen