This book provides a profile of Panama's political elite and analyzes the country's fragile political institutions. It presents a study of the power relations among Panama's political elite, the business sector and labour.

chapter 1|13 pages


chapter 3|21 pages

The Torrijos Regime

chapter 4|19 pages

Labor Relations in Panama

chapter 5|18 pages

The 1972 Labor Code

chapter 6|18 pages

The Aftermath of the Code

chapter 8|32 pages

Costs and Benefits of the 1972 Labor Code

chapter 10|4 pages

The Aftermath of the Torrijos Years