The scarcity and rapid depletion of water in one of the world's driest regions continues to be a major determinant of the domestic and external policies of the major actors in the Middle East. Israel, Jordan, and the West Bank will have exhausted virtually all their renewable sources of fresh water by 1995 if current patterns of consumption are not radically altered. This study examines the hydrological, historical, legal, and strategic dimensions of water problems in the Middle East and discusses their implications for the future.

chapter 2|46 pages

The Jordan River

chapter 3|20 pages

The Litani

chapter 4|31 pages

The Euphrates River and the Shatt al-Arab

chapter 5|9 pages

The Orontes River

chapter 6|32 pages

The Nile River