This book examines military operations other than war (MOOTW) of the Indonesian military in the post-Suharto period and argues that the twin development of democratic consolidation, marked by ‘stable’ civil–military relations from 2004 to 2014 under Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s presidency, and internationalization of the military have not yet entirely de-politicized the armed forces.

This book shows how peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, and counter-terror missions have been reinvented by the Indonesian military (Tentara Nasional Indonesia, TNI) to adhere to its politico-institutional interests rather than to divert military attention from politics. In contrast with conventional arguments about the rationale of MOOTW in promoting military professionalism, this book provides the first critical analysis of the development of these missions and correlates them with TNI’s concerted effort to preserve territorial command structure – a military network that parallels the civilian bureaucracy down to the village level. The book argues that the military in Indonesia remains domestically political amidst high intensity of international activism.

A detailed investigation of civil–military relations in Indonesia, this book will be of interest to scholars in the fields of Southeast Asian studies and Asian politics, and more generally to those interested in civil–military relations, military politics, and MOOTW.

chapter 1|13 pages


Military operations other than war in post-Suharto Indonesia

chapter 2|23 pages

Civilian control and democratization

Historical developments

chapter 3|22 pages

In search of justification

Peacekeeping and territorial commands

chapter 4|23 pages

Repositioning military missions

HADR and territorial commands

chapter 5|25 pages

Connecting regional norms and domestic missions

Counter-terrorism and territorial commands

chapter 6|10 pages


Politics of re-legitimizing territorial commands