This is the first book to examine the lives and works of women photographers active in the settler colonial nations of the Pacific Rim from 1857–1930. The few histories of women’s photography that have been written so far have been confined to developments in Britain, France, Germany and the USA, and have overwhelmingly focused on artistic photography, ignoring the whole area of commercial photography. Taking 12 case studies as representative of the many women who entered the profession between 1857 and 1930, this book deals with both early 20th-century artistic and ethnographic photography in the region and 19th-century commercial photography. In addition to asking how female photographers coped with the pressure of being women in a male-dominated profession, what was new about the techniques and methods they deployed, and the kinds of artistic visions they brought to bear on their subjects, it breaks new ground by asking how they responded as photographers to the on-going decimation and displacement of indigenous peoples as white settlement and capitalism became ever more entrenched across the new world territories of the Pacific Rim, and photography more influenced by the international art movements of Pictorialism and Modernism.

chapter 1|22 pages


part I|65 pages

The First Settler Women Photographers

chapter 3|17 pages

Mrs Rudolph’s Gallery

chapter 4|22 pages

The Māori Portraits of Elizabeth Pulman

part II|78 pages

Women Photographers of the Late Nineteenth Century

part III|73 pages

Ethnographic Pictorialists, 1903–1930

chapter 8|20 pages

Celebrating Racial Hybridity

Caroline Gurrey’s Portraits of Hawai’ian Children

chapter 9|23 pages

Laura Adams Armer in Navajo Land

chapter 10|24 pages

Emma Freeman

Between Romance and Ethnography

part IV|76 pages

The Persistence of Pictorialism

chapter 12|26 pages

Anne Brigman and the Power of Creativity

chapter 13|24 pages

Una Garlick and the New Zealand Picturesque

chapter 14|11 pages


Histories, Canons and Legacies