This book examines theories and ethnographies related to the anthropology of power in conservation.

Conservation thought and practice is power laden—conservation thought is powerfully shaped by the history of ideas of nature and its relation to people, and conservation interventions govern and affect peoples and ecologies. This book argues that being able to think deeply, particularly about power, improves conservation policy-making and practice. Political ecology is by far the most well-known and well-published approach to thinking about power in conservation. This book analyzes the relatively neglected but robust anthropology of conservation literature on politics and power outside political ecology, especially literature rooted in Foucault. It is intended to make four of Foucault’s concepts of power accessible, concepts that are most used in the anthropology of conservation: the power of discourses, discipline and governmentality, subject formation, and neoliberal governmentality. The important ethnographic literature that these concepts have stimulated is also examined. Together, theory and ethnography underpin our emerging understanding of a new, Anthropocene-shaped world.

This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of conservation, environmental anthropology, and political ecology, as well as conservation practitioners and policy-makers.

chapter 1|22 pages


chapter 2|11 pages

Discourses and Their Power in Foucault

chapter 3|11 pages

Seminal Works on the Power of Discourses

chapter 4|11 pages

Discourses of Conservation

chapter 5|15 pages

The Triangle in Foucault

chapter 9|8 pages

Subject Formation in Foucault

chapter 10|13 pages

Subject Formation in Ethnographies

chapter 13|12 pages

The economy in Ethnographies

chapter 17|10 pages

World-Making in the Anthropocene

chapter 18|13 pages