Embodied and Whole Life Carbon will change the way buildings are designed, yet carbon emissions associated with the construction and life of buildings are not yet wholly understood by the profession. Energy is assumed to be the province of services engineers, yet energy from materials is as big an issue. Architects have the opportunity to take the lead in redefining how buildings are designed to achieve a low carbon future.

chapter |4 pages


chapter 3|24 pages

Recycling, reuse and the circular economy

chapter 4|24 pages

Low carbon design – macro scale

chapter 5|10 pages

Low carbon design – human scale

chapter 6|17 pages


chapter 7|2 pages

Conclusions – what’s next?