The construction industry operates within a linear economy of make, use, dispose. Buildings are stripped out and torn down with astonishing regularity while new buildings are constructed from hard-won virgin materials. But raw materials are becoming scarce, and the demands for them are exploiting fragile ecosystems, even as the global demand for resources continues to rise.

Policy makers and organisations are beginning to look for a more regenerative, circular economy model. The construction industry demands over half the world’s extracted materials and generates around a third of the total waste generated in the EU, making it a prime candidate for applying the circular economy. Yet there has been little focus on how construction industry professionals and their clients can contribute towards the movement.

Drawing on illustrative methods and examples, Building Revolutions explains how the principles of a circular economy can be applied to the built environment where resources are kept in use and their value retained.

chapter |2 pages


chapter 1|10 pages

What is a circular economy?

chapter 2|5 pages

Why create a circular economy?

chapter 3|5 pages

Built to last?

chapter 4|6 pages

Starting at the end

chapter 5|4 pages

Circular economy principles for buildings

chapter 6|6 pages

Building in layers

chapter 7|12 pages

Designing-out waste

chapter 8|11 pages

Design for adaptability

chapter 9|15 pages

Design for disassembly and reuse

chapter 10|19 pages

Selecting materials and products

chapter 11|8 pages

Turning waste into a resource

chapter 12|8 pages

Circular business models

chapter 13|9 pages

Virtuous circles

chapter 14|3 pages

Coming full circle