Originally published in 1999 Black Writers Abroad puts forward the theory that African American literature was born, partially within the context of a people and its writers who lived, for the most part, in slavery and bondage prior to the Civil War. It is an in-depth study of black American writers who, left the United States as expatriates. The book discusses the people that left, where they went, why they left and why they did or did not return, from the nineteenth century to the twentieth century. It seeks to explain the impact exile had upon these authors’ literary work and careers, as well as upon African American literary history.

chapter I|11 pages


chapter II|18 pages

Escape From Slavery

chapter IV|21 pages


chapter V|29 pages

Expatriates and the New Negro

chapter VI|23 pages

The French Scene

chapter VIII|12 pages