This book covers the groundbreaking concepts in attachment theory, as promulgated by Bowlby himself and during the years post Bowlby. It sets out to develop the seminal concept of 'learned security': the provision of a reparative experience of a secure base by the therapist so that the client can imbibe what he missed out on during his formative years. Rhona M. Fear points out that the idea of learned security has developed from the concept of earned security but is distinctly different. In Part I, Fear outlines the origins and progress of attachment theory and the concepts of earned and learned security. In Part II, she uses a process of dialectical thinking to put forward an integration of Kohut's self psychology, Bowlby's attachment theory, and Stolorow, Atwood and Brandchaft's intersubjective perspective. The unifying concept that binds these three theories together is that of empathy, but she puts forward a particular intersubjective, collaborative view of empathic attunement.

part I|55 pages

Attachment Theory as the Underlying Basis of the Theory of Learned Security

chapter ONE|24 pages

Origins of attachment theory

chapter TWO|8 pages

Attachment theory post Bowlby

part II|44 pages

Problems That Lead to Insecure Attachment

chapter FIVE|11 pages

Maternal deprivation

chapter SIX|8 pages

The emotionally unavailable mother

chapter SEVEN|13 pages

Toxic parenting

part III|58 pages

Theoretical Underpinnings of Learned Security

chapter NINE|10 pages

Heinz Kohut: the psychology of the self

chapter TEN|15 pages

The intersubjective perspective

chapter ELEVEN|14 pages

The theory of learned security

part IV|67 pages

Case Studies

chapter FIFTEEN|14 pages

Jane: challenging her world view

chapter SIXTEEN|15 pages

Helen: on becoming a person

part V|9 pages

Concluding Remarks

chapter SEVENTEEN|7 pages