Why should modern psychotherapists be interested in philosophy, especially ancient philosophy? Why should philosophers be interested in psychotherapy? There is a sense of mutual attraction between what are today two thoroughly distinct disciplines. However, arguably it was not always the case that they were distinct. The author takes the view that by reconsidering the generally received wisdom concerning the history of these closely-related subjects, we can learn a great deal about both philosophy and psychotherapy, under which heading he includes potentially solitary pursuits such as "self-help" and "personal development".

part I|132 pages

Philosophy and Cognitive–Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

chapter One|16 pages

The "philosophical origins" of CBT

chapter Two|19 pages

The beginning of modern cognitive therapy

chapter Three|11 pages

A brief history of philosophical therapy

chapter Four|22 pages

Stoic philosophy and psychology

chapter Five|36 pages

Rational emotion in Stoicism and CBT

chapter Six|24 pages

Stoicism and Ellis's rational therapy (REBT)

part II|133 pages

The Stoic Armamentarium

chapter Seven|16 pages

Contemplation of the ideal sage

chapter Eight|18 pages

Stoic mindfulness of the "here and now"

chapter Nine|23 pages

Self-analysis and disputation

chapter Eleven|19 pages

Premeditatio malorum and mental rehearsal

chapter Twelve|21 pages

Stoic fatalism, determinism, and acceptance

chapter Thirteen|11 pages

The view from above and Stoic metaphysics

chapter |5 pages

Conclusion: fate guides the willing