'The biological birth of the human infant and the psychological birth of the individual are not coincident in time. The former is a dramatic, observable, and well-circumscribed event; the latter a slowly unfolding intra psychic process.'Thus begins this highly acclaimed book in which the author and her collaborators break new ground in developmental psychology and present the first complete theoretical statement of the author's observations on the normal separation-individuation process. Separation and individuation are presented in this major work as two complementary developments. Separation is described as the child's emergence from a symbiotic fusion with the mother, while individuation consists of those achievements making the child's assumption of his own individual characteristics. Each of the sub-phases of separation-individuation is described in detail, supported by a wealth of clinical observations which trace the tasks confronting the infant and his mother as he progresses towards achieving his own individuality.

part I|36 pages

Separation-Individuation in Perspective

chapter 1|14 pages


part II|84 pages

On Human Symbiosis and the Subphases of the Separation-Individuation Process

part III|74 pages

Five Children's Subphase Development

chapter |1 pages


chapter 8|14 pages


chapter 9|15 pages


chapter 10|16 pages


chapter 11|16 pages


chapter 12|10 pages


part Appendices|41 pages

The Data Analysis and Its Rationale: A Case Study in Systematic Clinical Research

chapter APPENDIX A|13 pages

The Available Data

chapter APPENDIX B|6 pages

A Research Rationale

chapter APPENDIX C|20 pages

Some Research Strategies