Shared, posted, tweeted, commented upon, and discussed online as well as off-line, internet memes represent a new genre of online communication, and an understanding of their production, dissemination, and implications in the real world enables an improved ability to navigate digital culture. This book explores cases of cultural, economic, and political critique levied by the purposeful production and consumption of internet memes. Often images, animated GIFs, or videos are remixed in such a way to incorporate intertextual references, quite frequently to popular culture, alongside a joke or critique of some aspect of the human experience. Ideology, semiotics, and intertextuality coalesce in the book’s argument that internet memes represent a new form of meaning-making, and the rapidity by which they are produced and spread underscores their importance.

chapter 1|20 pages

Dawkins Revisited

A Brief History of the Term Meme and Its Function

chapter 3|20 pages

Memes as Genre 1

chapter 4|28 pages

Political Memes

chapter 6|15 pages


chapter 7|15 pages


chapter 8|26 pages

Internet Memes as a Form of…Art?