This sweeping work traces the idea of race for more than three centuries to show that 'race' is not a product of science but a cultural invention that has been used variously and opportunistically since the eighteenth century. Updated throughout, the fourth edition of this renowned text includes a compelling new chapter on the health impacts of the racial worldview, as well as a thoroughly rewritten chapter that explores the election of Barack Obama and its implications for the meaning of race in America and the future of our racial ideology.

chapter 101|9 pages


chapter 1|24 pages

Some Theoretical Considerations

chapter 3|32 pages

Antecedents of the Racial Worldview

chapter 9|14 pages

The Rise of Science and Scientific Racism