Japan has been expanding its military roles in the post-Cold War period. This book analyses the shift in Japan’s security policy by examining the collective ideas of political parties and the effect of an international norm.

Starting with the analysis of the collective ideas held by political parties, this book delves into factors overlooked in existing literature, including the effects of domestic and international norms, as well as how an international norm is localised when a conflicting domestic norm already exists. The argument held throughout is that these factors play a primary role in framing Japan's security policy. Overall, three security areas are studied: Japan’s arms trade ban policy, Japan’s participation in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, and Japan’s enlarged military roles in international security. Close examination demonstrates that the weakening presence of the left since the mid-1990s and the localisation of an international norm encouraged Japan to broaden its military role. Providing a comprehensive picture of Japan’s evolving security policy, this book asserts that shifts have occurred in ways that do not violate the pacifist domestic norm.

Japan's Evolving Security Policy will appeal to students and scholars of International Relations, Asian Politics, Asian Security Studies and Japanese Studies.

chapter |15 pages


part 1|28 pages

Unpacking the puzzle

chapter 1|10 pages

Norms, ideas, and state policy

A theoretical framework

chapter 2|16 pages

Key concepts

Opposing ideas and domestic and international norms in Japan

part 2|32 pages

Japan’s arms trade ban policy

chapter 3|16 pages

The arms trade ban policy during the Cold War

A Shared norm, different ideas

chapter 4|14 pages

Relaxing the arms trade ban policy in the post-Cold War period

The influence of the international trends

part 3|46 pages

Japan’s peacekeeping policy

chapter 5|16 pages

The dispatch of the Self-Defence Forces in the Cold War period

Divisive ideas in domestic politics

chapter 6|14 pages

The Gulf War and Japan’s participation in United Nations peacekeeping operations

The internalisation of an international norm

chapter 7|14 pages

Japan’s expanding peacekeeping roles in the post-Cold War period

Interaction between domestic and international norms

part 4|38 pages

Japan’s evolving military roles

chapter 8|16 pages

Japan’s expanding security roles in the 1990s and 2000s

The emergence of collective security

chapter 9|20 pages

Legislation for Peace and Security

Regulative effects of a domestic norm

chapter |6 pages