In politics, as in so many other areas, California is unique. The state's economy - the largest in the nation, and sixth largest in the world - is given to dramatic swings. Its legislative system is often defined by gridlock on matters large and small. The use of the initiative, one of the tools of "direct democracy", has become commonplace. Over the years, California has had more than its share of political turmoil. But for pure melodrama, nothing matches the 2003 campaign to recall the state's sitting governor, Gray Davis. Recall! relates the latest and most dramatic chapter in the political history of the Golden State. The authors are recognized experts on California politics and regular local television political analysts. They provide fascinating coverage of the events leading up to Davis's replacement by bodybuilder-turned actor-turned politician Arnold Schwarzenegger; describe the large and colorful cast of characters involved in the special election; and demonstrate how California's one-of-a-kind mix of political, economic, and social circumstances made it all possible.

part Part I|25 pages

The Politics of Recall

chapter 1|13 pages

The California Republic

More Like a Nation Than a State

chapter 2|10 pages

Elements of a Perfect Storm

part Part II|36 pages

The Shaping of the Battle

chapter 3|9 pages

The Legislature

Gridlock Defined

chapter 4|11 pages

Governor Gray Davis

Triumph, Decline, Denial

chapter 5|14 pages

Qualifying for the Ballot

Right-Wing Conspiracy or Convergence of Interests?

part Part III|64 pages

The Campaign

chapter 6|17 pages

The 75-Day Sprint

chapter 7|14 pages

The Issues

chapter 8|15 pages

Interest Groups

Taking Sides

chapter 9|16 pages

The Campaigns and the Media

Whose Election Is It Anyway?

part Part IV|35 pages

The Outcome

chapter 10|11 pages

Davis Loses the Recall Battle

chapter 11|14 pages

Recall and Political Stability in California

Can They Coexist?

chapter 12|8 pages