Here is a complete guide to the collection, classification, and comparison of friction skin prints and the determination of identity and nonidentity. It discusses: the cause and significance of variations in prints; the importance of class characteristics in print; the application of probability in decision making; and photographic techniques and considerations.

chapter 1|8 pages


chapter 2|26 pages

Taking Inked Prints

chapter 3|36 pages


chapter 4|40 pages

The Evidence Print

chapter 5|18 pages

Photography of Prints and Impressions

chapter 6|22 pages

The Basis of the Comparison

chapter 7|40 pages

Comparing Prints

chapter 8|16 pages

Some Comparisons of Evidence Prints

chapter 9|4 pages

Reporting and Testifying to Conclusions