This book discusses the continued emphasis on development gains in India’s national policies and its quest to meet sustainable development goals. It offers an analysis of the laws and infrastructure for environment protection in the country and their ineffectiveness in dealing with the water pollution which has had dire consequences on India’s ecological landscape.

The book, while highlighting the need and importance of industrial development, argues for sustainable measures to moderate and monitor such developmental efforts in light of severe environmental degradations. Focusing on the state of Gujarat, it looks at published and un-published data on industrial development and water pollution levels and data obtained via applications filed under the Right to Information Act. It also offers a detailed account of the concentration of red industries which release the most hazardous pollutants and their effects on the environment. The authors look at the data from a theoretical and empirical perspective, offering insights into how the checks and balances levied by the state have been violated. They highlight the patterns and trends which emerge from the study of these developmental efforts and underline the need to improve the effectiveness of policy instruments, and the need to diversify the existing mechanisms.

The book will be of great interest to students and researchers of environment and development studies, public policy, sociology, law and governance, human ecology and economics.

chapter 1|14 pages


chapter 2|14 pages

Economic performance of the states

chapter 3|17 pages

Industrial policies in Gujarat

chapter 5|20 pages

Environmental governance

chapter 6|20 pages

Industrial water pollution

Communities, authorities and the courts

chapter 7|14 pages


Impact of industrial development on the Sabarmati

chapter 8|23 pages


Performance assessment of environmental infrastructure

chapter 9|13 pages


Impact of industrial development on water bodies

chapter 10|23 pages


Performance assessment of environmental infrastructure

chapter 11|6 pages

Why the CETPs are ineffective

chapter 12|14 pages

Industrial development and water pollution

The quest for SDGs