First published in 1981, Education and the Individual presents a reasoned case for maintaining the maximum freedom of choice in education in those areas where the interests of the individual and the state conflict.

The book argues that ultimately the freedom to opt out of the education system altogether must be protected, as well as the freedom to choose a religious education in a secular state, or a secular education in a religious state, and freedom from political indoctrination. It analyses what is required of education in a liberal society, and explores its implications for the wider international context of human rights. It also promotes the basic rights of freedom of choice in education and, wherever conflict is inevitable, it argues for the issue to be settled in favour of the individual, rather than the state.

Education and the Individual will appeal to those with an interest in the history of education, the philosophy of education, and the relationship between education and politics.

chapter Chapter 1|2 pages


chapter Chapter 2|12 pages

Selective Education and the Goal of Equality

chapter Chapter 3|10 pages

The Issue of Independent Schools

chapter Chapter 4|11 pages

Parents and Children

chapter Chapter 5|10 pages

Religious Freedom

chapter Chapter 6|11 pages

Morality, Politics and Indoctrination

chapter Chapter 7|13 pages

The Ideological Background: Mill or Marx?

chapter Chapter 8|12 pages

Education in a Liberal Society

chapter Chapter 9|13 pages

Human Rights: the International Understanding