ABSTRACT

Sociology is in crisis. While other disciplines have taken on board the revolutionary discoveries driven by evolutionary biology and psychology, genomics and behavioral genetics, and the neurosciences, sociology has ignored these advances and embraced a biophobia that threatens to drive the discipline into marginality.  

This book takes its place in a rich tradition of efforts to integrate sociological thinking into the world of the biological sciences that can be traced to the origins of the discipline, and that took on modern form beginning a generation ago in the works of thinkers such as E.O. Wilson, Richard Alexander, Joseph Lopreato, and Richard Machalek. It offers an accessible introduction to rethinking sociological science in consonance with these contemporary biological revolutions. From the standpoint of a biosociology rooted in the single most important scientific theory touching on human life, the Darwinian theory of natural selection, the book sketches an evolutionary social science that would enable us to properly attend to basic questions of human nature, human behavior, and human social organization.  

Individual chapters take on such topics as: The roots and nature of human sociality; the origins of morality in human social life and an evolutionary perspective on human interests, reciprocity, and altruism; the sex difference in our species and what it contributes to an explanation of sociological facts; the nature of stratification, status, and inequality in human evolutionary history; the question of race in our species; and the contribution evolutionary theory makes to explaining the origins and the importance of culture in human societies.

part Part 1|74 pages

The Problem with Sociology and its Solution

chapter 1|21 pages

What’s Wrong with Sociology?

chapter 2|27 pages

The Basics for an Evolutionary Sociology

chapter 3|10 pages

Why and How Are Humans Social?

chapter 4|14 pages

Morality in a Biosocial Context

part Part 2|95 pages

Basic Categories of Human Differentiation

chapter 5|32 pages

The Sex Difference in Homo sapiens

chapter 8|17 pages

Culture in Homo sapiens