This book investigates how schools, enterprises and families in China have coped with the formal online education in the light of government policy throughout the COVID-19 epidemic outbreak, with special focus on the problems they have encountered and possible solutions.

Using grounded theory, over 1000 posts retrieved from public online forums were analyzed under a 4*4 framework, referring to four special time nodes (proposal period, exploratory period, full deployed period, exiting period) and four major subjects (government, schools, enterprises, families). The book identifies four main issues faced by massive online education during the epidemic: platform selection in proposal period, teacher training in exploratory period, resource integration in full deployed period, and flexibility of returning to schools in exiting period. These findings enlighten us with a deeper understanding of the process of online learning in an educational emergency, helping to develop best countermeasures in similar situations, as well as to provide paths to follow for other countries.

The book will appeal to teachers, researchers and school administrators of the online education and education emergency management, as well as those who are interested in Chinese education during the COVID-19 outbreak in general.

chapter 1|6 pages


chapter 2|4 pages

Theoretical basis

chapter 3|9 pages

Research methods

chapter 4|9 pages

The first stage

Proposal period

chapter 5|8 pages

The second stage

Exploratory period

chapter 6|6 pages

The third stage

Fully deployed period

chapter 7|6 pages

The fourth stage

Exit period

chapter 8|12 pages


chapter 9|27 pages