This book is the first to provide an in-depth understanding of the 2014 crisis, Russia’s annexation of Crimea and Europe’s de facto war between Russia and Ukraine. The book provides a historical and contemporary understanding behind President Vladimir Putin Russia’s obsession with Ukraine and why Western opprobrium and sanctions have not deterred Russian military aggression.

The volume provides a wealth of detail about the inability of Russia, from the time of the Tsarist Empire, throughout the era of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), and since the dissolution of the latter in 1991, to accept Ukraine as an independent country and Ukrainians as a people distinct and separate from Russians. The book highlights the sources of this lack of acceptance in aspects of Russian national identity. In the Soviet period, Russians principally identified themselves not with the Russian Soviet Federative Republic, but rather with the USSR as a whole. Attempts in the 1990s to forge a post-imperial Russian civic identity grounded in the newly independent Russian Federation were unpopular, and notions of a far larger Russian ‘imagined community’ came to the fore. A post-Soviet integration of Tsarist Russian great power nationalism and White Russian émigré chauvinism had already transformed and hardened Russian denial of the existence of Ukraine and Ukrainians as a people, even prior to the 2014 crises in Crimea and the Donbas. Bringing an end to both the Russian occupation of Crimea and to the broader Russian–Ukrainian conflict can be expected to meet obstacles not only from the Russian de facto President-for-life, Vladimir Putin, but also from how Russia perceives its national identity.

chapter |33 pages


part I|61 pages

Theorical and Comparative Perspectives

chapter 1|28 pages

Civic, ethnic, or civic-ethnic states

A discussion of theoretical concepts

part II|80 pages

Russian Nationalism about Ukraine

chapter 3|30 pages

Russian nationalism and Ukraine

Émigrés, dissidents and Soviets

chapter 4|27 pages

Boris Yeltsin

Liberalism, tanks, and unions

chapter 5|21 pages

Vladimir Putin

‘Gatherer of Russian lands’

part III|91 pages

Russian Nationalism versus Ukraine

chapter 8|33 pages

Russia’s ‘Jerusalem'

Crimea and ‘New Russia’

chapter 9|7 pages