ABSTRACT

Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) was regarded by the Victorians as the foremost philosopher of the age, the prophet of evolution at a time when the idea had gripped the popular imagination. Until recently Spencer's posthumous reputation rested almost excusively on his social and political thought, which has itself frequently been subject to serious misrepresentation. But historians of ideas now recognise that an acquaintance with Spencer's thought is essential for the proper understanding of many aspects of Victorian intellectual life, and the present selection is designed to answer this need. It provides a cross-section of Spencer's works from his more popular and approachable essays to a number of the volumes of the Synthetic Philosophy itself. Volume IV: The Principles of Psychology.

part Part I|68 pages

General Analysis.

chapter Chapter I|10 pages

A Datum Wanted.

chapter Chapter II|23 pages

The Universal Postulate.

chapter Chapter III|30 pages

Its Corollaries.

chapter Chapter IV|3 pages

Our Present Position.

part Part II|267 pages

Special Analysis.

chapter Chapter I|15 pages

Compound Quantitative Reasoning.

chapter Chapter II|7 pages

Compound Quantitative Reasoning (Continued).

chapter Chapter III|11 pages

Imperfect and Simple Quantitative Reasoning.

chapter Chapter IV|13 pages

Quantitative Reasoning in General.

chapter Chapter V|13 pages

Perfect Qualitative Reasoning.

chapter Chapter VI|21 pages

Imperfect Qualitative Reasoning.

chapter Chapter VII|21 pages

Reasoning in General.

chapter Chapter VIII|13 pages

Classification, Naming, and Recognition.

chapter Chapter IX|5 pages

The Perception of Special Objects.

chapter Chapter XII|12 pages

The Perception of Body as Presenting Statical Attributes.

chapter Chapter XIII|16 pages

The Perception of Space.

chapter Chapter XIV|8 pages

The Perception of Time.

chapter Chapter XV|11 pages

The Perception of Motion.

chapter Chapter XVI|12 pages

The Perception of Resistance.

chapter Chapter XVII|9 pages

Perception in General.

chapter Chapter XVIII|5 pages

The Relations of Similarity and Dissimilarity.

chapter Chapter XIX|6 pages

The Relations of Cointension and Non-Cointension.

chapter Chapter XX|5 pages

The Relations of Coextension and Non-Coextension.

chapter Chapter XXI|8 pages

The Relations of Coexistence and Non-Coexistence.

chapter Chapter XXII|2 pages

The Relations of Connature and Non-Connature.

chapter Chapter XXIII|5 pages

The Relations of Likeness and Unlikeness.

chapter Chapter XXIV|5 pages

The Relation of Sequence.

chapter Chapter XXV|7 pages

Consciousness in General.

chapter Chapter XXVI|7 pages

Results.

part Part III|151 pages

General Synthesis.

chapter Chapter I|10 pages

Method.

chapter Chapter II|4 pages

Connexion of Mind and Life.

chapter Chapter III|13 pages

Proximate Definition of Life.

chapter Chapter IV|10 pages

The Correspondence Between Life and Its Circumstances.

chapter Chapter VI|5 pages

The Correspondence as Direct and Homogeneous.

chapter Chapter VII|4 pages

The Correspondence as Direct but Heterogeneous.

chapter Chapter VIII|19 pages

The Correspondence as Extending in Space.

chapter Chapter IX|10 pages

The Correspondence as Extending in Time.

chapter Chapter X|14 pages

The Correspondence as Increasing in Speciality.

chapter Chapter XI|8 pages

The Correspondence as Increasing in Generality.

chapter Chapter XII|21 pages

The Correspondence as Increasing in Complexity.

chapter Chapter XIII|7 pages

The Co-Ordination of Correspondences.

chapter Chapter XIV|9 pages

The Integration of Correspondences.

chapter Chapter XV|6 pages

The Correspondences in their Totality.

part Part IV|132 pages

Special Synthesis.

chapter Chapter I|15 pages

The Nature of Intelligence.

chapter Chapter II|16 pages

The Law of Intelligence.

chapter Chapter III|11 pages

The Growth of Intelligence.

chapter Chapter IV|6 pages

Reflex Action.

chapter Chapter V|15 pages

Instinct.

chapter Chapter VI|10 pages

Memory.

chapter Chapter VII|20 pages

Reason.

chapter Chapter VIII|28 pages

The Feelings.

chapter Chapter IX|9 pages

The Will.