This book, first published in 1962, is a collection of essays on the ideological origins of the European revolutionary movement. The first essay in the collection is devoted to Saint-Simon who, though not a revolutionary in the ordinary sense, was the begetter of the many ideas which became stock-in-trade of the nineteenth century revolutionaries. The essays that follow are on Marx and the Communist Manifesto, Proudhon, Herzen, Lassalle and Sorel; on the foundation and early history of the Russian Communist Party; on the histories of the British and German Communist Parties; and on Lenin and Stalin.

chapter 1|14 pages

Saint-Simon: The Precursor

chapter 2|23 pages

The Communist Manifesto

chapter 3|18 pages

Proudhon: Robinson Crusoe of Socialism

chapter 4|16 pages

Herzen: An Intellectual Revolutionary

chapter 5|16 pages

Lassalle Meets Bismarck

chapter 6|17 pages

Some Nineteenth-Century Russian Thinkers

chapter 7|15 pages

Plekhanov: Father of Russian Marxism

chapter 8|14 pages

The Cradle of Bolshevism

chapter 9|18 pages

Lenin: The Master Builder

chapter 10|14 pages

Sorel: Philosopher of Syndicalism

chapter 11|15 pages

Mr. Gallacher and the CPGB

chapter 12|19 pages

The Revolution that Failed

chapter 13|11 pages

Stalin: (I) The Road to Power

chapter 14|17 pages

Stalin: (2) The Dialectics of Stalinism