This pioneering work explores epigraphic evidence for the development of English before the Anglo-Saxon period, bringing together linguistic, historical and archaeological perspectives on early inscriptions, making them more accessible to a wider audience.

The volume offers a new account of the Germanic development of Anglo-Saxon England, beginning with an examination of the earliest inscriptions from northern Europe and the oldest inscriptions preserving Germanic names, many of which have only been discovered since the 1980s. The book charts the origins of key terms such as Angle, Saxon and Jute and early writing systems used by Germanic peoples. Drawing on epigraphic evidence from northwestern Germany through to southwestern Denmark and sub-Roman Britain, Mees situates the analysis within historical and linguistic frameworks but also provides archaeological contextualisations, assessed chronologically, for the inscriptions. Taken together, the work re-examines existing models of the early development of English through the lens of contemporary approaches, opening paths for new directions in research on historical dialectology.

This book is key reading for students and scholars interested in the history of English and historical linguistics.

chapter 1|16 pages


chapter 2|25 pages

The entry of the Germani

chapter 3|30 pages

Runic and Roman

chapter 4|37 pages

Northern bogs

chapter 5|32 pages

Roman Britain

chapter 6|36 pages

Saxons and Frisians

chapter 7|35 pages

Angles and Jutes

chapter 8|4 pages