The fourth edition of this book offers a reader-friendly and accessible introduction to conducting qualitative research in education. Author Marilyn Lichtman outlines the history, context, and traditions of qualitative research, before walking readers through the research process step-by-step, from planning and research design through to various qualitative methodologies, techniques, and strategies including interviewing, observing, and making use of data including documents, images, and online resources, while also covering important issues such as ethics and subjectivity.

The fourth edition has been thoroughly revised and updated featuring new examples, an increased focus on virtual and digital data collection, and innovative new approaches to qualitative research.

Written in a practical, conversational style and full of real-world examples drawn from across education, this book offers a practical introduction to qualitative research in education ideal for graduate and advanced undergraduate research methods courses and early career researchers alike. 

PART 1: TRADITIONS, THEORY AND PRACTICE  1. Introduction and Overview of the Field  2. Learning How to Be a Qualitative Researcher  3. Ethical Issues in Qualitative Research  4. Reflexivity and Subjectivity  5. Philosophy, Theory, Theories, and Frameworks  PART 2: PLANNING YOUR RESEARCH  6. Identifying Research Areas and Questions  7. Role and Function of a Review of Research  8. Using Social Media, Technology and the Internet  9. Designing Your Research: Part 1  10. Designing Your Research: Part 2  PART 3: COLLECTING, ORGANIZING, AND COMMUNICATING  11. Judging and Evaluating  12. Gathering Data (Interviews, Observations, Documents, Other)  13. Making Meaning From Your Data  14. Communicating and Connecting  15. Thinking About the Future