This book traces cultural landscape as the manifestation of the state and national community under the Nazi regime, and how the Nazi era produced what could be referred to as a totalitarian cultural landscape.

For the Nazi regime, cultural landscape was indeed a heritage resource, but it was much more than that: cultural landscape was the nation. The project of Nazi racial purification and cultural renewal demanded the physical reshaping and reconceptualization of the existing environment to create the so-called "new Nazi cultural landscape." One of the most important components of this was a set of monumental sites thought to embody blood and soil beliefs through the harmonious synthesis of architecture and landscape. This special group of "landscape-bound" architectural complexes was interconnected by the new autobahn highway system, itself thought to be a monumental work embedded in nature. Behind this intentionally aestheticized view of the nation as cultural landscape lay the all-pervasive system of deception and violence that characterized the emerging totalitarian state.

This is the first historical study to consider the importance of these monumental sites together with the autobahn as evidence of key Nazi cultural and geographic strategies during the pre-war years. This book concludes by examining racial and nationalistic themes underlying cultural landscape concepts today, against this historic background.

chapter |19 pages


chapter 1|58 pages

From Ratzel to Hitler

Biographical Influences, Geopolitics, and Cultural Landscape

chapter 2|51 pages

Veins of the Nation

The Nazi Autobahn as Geopolitical Propaganda Device

chapter 3|68 pages

From Sports Park to Sacred Grove

Embedding the Mass Spectacle in the German Landscape

chapter 4|68 pages

“Secret Societies Established in Broad Daylight”

Symbolic Fortifications as Nazi Institutional Sites

chapter 5|49 pages

Venerating the Blood-Soaked Soil

Monumentalized Landscapes as Memorials

chapter |13 pages