This book makes an important contribution to police scholarship by focusing on the critical need for law enforcement personnel to receive education on chemical/biological/radiological/nuclear (CBRN) hazards. Under the CBRN umbrella are chemical warfare agents, toxic industrial chemicals, biologically derived toxins, radiological particulate hazards, and other agents, any of which have the potential to inflict bodily harm, incapacitation, or death. Such weapons have been a part of human history for centuries, starting with biological warfare, later shifting over to chemical warfare, and in the last century, radiological and nuclear warfare. The greater availability and accessibility of such materials necessitates that first response and investigation is no longer limited to the military but is required of police forces reacting to incidents in the community, whether acts of terrorism, traffic accidents, or standard industrial incidents.

In this book it is argued that basic knowledge of CBRN is essential for police officers at all levels to assess and protect crime scenes, as well as to investigate cases involving CBRN materials. The author uses case studies and technical education to instruct police on how and when CBRN agents can be used maliciously, and the best methods for identifying, analyzing, monitoring, and investigating related incidents. The text makes a clear case for integrating CBRN studies into police education so that first responders are enabled to assess incidents and share information with emergency management and other services to determine the most effective equipment and personnel to deploy.

This book is essential for police educators and trainers in both universities and police academies, those administering or engaged in in-service police training, and scholars studying policing, criminal justice, and terrorism.

Part 1 Historical Overview of CBRN and HAZMAT Incidents and Impacts

1. Introduction to Political Violence and Radicalisation leading to terrorism with chemical biological and radiological agents

2. Terror Groups analysed in relation with CBRN agents used maliciously (as a weapon

3. Airport, Planes and Cargo a Risk for Law enforcement Officers?

4. Case studies; "Bad examples"

Chapter 1. Etymology of Chemical, Biological and Radiological Agents and the Context on How Policing is Involved.

Etymology of abbreviations related to chemical, biological and radiological agents

Introduction Political Violence and Radicalization Leading to Terrorism with chemical, biological and radiological agents

What can be understood under terrorism and where does it come from?

What does terrorism with chemical, biological and radiological agents imply for policing

Chapter 2. Terror Groups and Their Use of CBRN Agents

Terror Groups analysed in relation with CBRN agents used maliciously (as a weapon)

State Terrorism

Religious Terrorism

Marxism oriented terrorist groups

Single Issue Terrorist Groups

Lone wolfs, acts of terrorism and crime

Chapter 3. The Impact of Planes as Transportation of Goods and Living Beings

Airport, Planes and Cargo a Risk for Law enforcement Officers?

Fret — Cargo and dangerous goods

Accidents with dangerous goods

Infrastructure risks. Terror threat and terror acts with chemical or biological agents

Chapter 4. Bad Examples

White powder boxes and letters, wrong response due to lack of training and knowledge

Anthrax suspicion 2016

Another case with suspicion happened in 2018

Border crossing incidents a reflection

Part 2 CBRN/ HAZMAT Training Analysis Based on Current Availabilities

1. Education on CBRN / HAZMAT for Police Officers

2. The Necessity in designing police education in HAZMAT / CBRN

Chapter 5. Chapter 5 Education on CBRN / HAZMAT for Police Officers

Current CBRN / HAZMAT training availabilities

Police Training & Education related to CBRN / HAZMAT incident response

Solution 01 Generic Training at the Police School

Solution 02 Continued Education

Solution 03 Specialised Education

Chapter 6. The Necessity in Designing Police Education in HAZMAT / CBRN.

Overview on current CBRN / HAZMAT courses for Law Enforcement

Teaching subjects that should be taken into consideration

Police Training & Education related to CBRN / HAZMAT incident response.

Training Programme one: Generic Training at the Police School

Training Programme two: Continued Professional Education

Training Programme three: Specialised Education

Subjects to be covered in CBRN / HAZMAT response


Part 3 Insight of a Possible Police Education Programme on CBRNe / HAZMAT

1. Subject content for CBRN / HAZMAT Police education.

2. Investigation Report Writing and Intelligence analysis

3. Possible implementation strategy for learning curriculum in CBRN / HAZMAT.

Chapter 7. Subject Content for CBRN / HAZMAT Police Education.

Detailed look into subject content for CBRN / HAZMAT Police education

Intercultural competence



CBRN/HAZMAT Levels of Training

Chapter 8. Investigation, Report Writing and Intelligence Analysis


First person on Scene template

First look report

Evidence Collection Command Post (ECCP)

CBRN -HAZMAT Final Report

Chapter 9. Possible Implementation Strategy for Learning Curriculum in CBRN / HAZMAT

How to implement a training schedule on CBRN topics

Continued Professional Education (CPD)

Awareness Course (one full day)

Specialised training courses

Hazardous Material Technician and CBRN course