Are you satisfied with your current and traditional grading system? Does it accurately reflect your students’ learning and progress? Can it be gamed? Does it lead to grade-grubbing and friction with your students?The authors of this book – two professors of mathematics with input from colleagues across disciplines and institutions – offer readers a fundamentally more effective and authentic approach to grading that they have implemented for over a decade.

Recognizing that traditional grading penalizes students in the learning process by depriving them of the formative feedback that is fundamental to improvement, the authors offer alternative strategies that encourage revision and growth.Alternative grading is concerned with students’ eventual level of understanding. This leads to big changes: Students take time to review past failures and learn from them. Conversations shift from “why did I lose a point for this” to productive discussions of content and process.Alternative grading can be used successfully at any level, in any situation, and any discipline, in classes that range from seminars to large multi-section lectures. This book offers a comprehensive introduction to alternative grading, beginning with a framework and rationale for implementation and evidence of its effectiveness. The heart of the book includes detailed examples – including variations on Standards-Based Grading, Specifications Grading, and ungrading -- of how alternative grading practices are used in all kinds of classroom environments, disciplines and institutions with a focus on first-hand accounts by faculty who share their practices and experience. The book includes a workbook chapter that takes readers through a step-by-step process for building a prototype of their own alternatively graded class and ends with concrete, practical, time-tested advice for new practitioners.

The underlying principles of alternative grading involve·Evaluating student work using clearly defined and context-appropriate content standards.·Giving students helpful, actionable feedback.·Summarizing the feedback with marks that indicate progress rather than arbitrary numbers.·Allowing students to revise without penalty, using the feedback they receive, until the standards are met or exceeded.

This book is intended for faculty interested in exploring alternative forms of learning assessment as well as those currently using alternative grading systems who are looking for ideas and options to refine practice.

part One|47 pages

What is Alternative Grading?

chapter 1|8 pages

What This Book is About

chapter 2|13 pages

Why Do We Grade?

chapter 3|9 pages

A Framework for Alternative Grading

chapter 4|15 pages

Does Alternative Grading Work?

part Two|98 pages

What Alternative Grading Can Look like

chapter 5|14 pages

Standards-Based Grading

chapter 6|17 pages

Specifications Grading

chapter 7|17 pages

Hybrid Systems

chapter 8|25 pages

Large Classes

chapter 9|16 pages

Lab Classes

chapter 10|7 pages

Partial Conversions

part Three|73 pages

Making Alternative Grading Work for You

chapter 11|45 pages

A Workbook for Alternative Grading

chapter 12|20 pages

How to Do It

chapter 13|6 pages

What's Next?