This is a detailed study of the illustrations to Amir Khusrau's Khamsah, in which twenty discourses are followed by a brief parable, and four romances. Amir Khusrau (1253-1325) lived the greater part of adventurous life in Delhi; he composed in Persian, and also in Hindi. From the point of view of manuscript illustration, his most important work is his Khamsah (Quintet'). Khusrau's position as a link between cultures of Persia and India means that the early illustrated copies of the Khamsah have a particular interest. The first extant exemplar is from the Persian area in the late 14th century, but a case can be made that work was probably illustrated earlier in India.

chapter 1|36 pages

The Khamsah in summary

chapter 3|28 pages

Sultanate manuscripts

chapter 4|48 pages

Manuscripts in Turkman styles

chapter 5|18 pages

Ottoman manuscripts under Bayezld II