The tea ceremony and the martial arts are intimately linked in the popular and historical imagination with Zen Buddhism, and Japanese culture. They are commonly interpreted as religio-aesthetic pursuits which express core spiritual values through bodily gesture and the creation of highly valued objects. Ideally, the experience of practising the Zen arts culminates in enlightenment.
This book challenges that long-held view and proposes that the Zen arts should be understood as part of a literary and visual history of representing Japanese culture through the arts. Cox argues that these texts and images emerged fully as systems for representing the arts during the modern period, produced within Japan as a form of cultural nationalism and outside Japan as part of an orientalist discourse.
Practitioners' experiences are in fact rarely referred to in terms of Zen or art, but instead are spatially and socially grounded. Combining anthropological description with historical criticism, Cox shows that the Zen arts are best understood in terms of a dynamic relationship between an aesthetic discourse on art and culture and the social and embodied experiences of those who participate in them.

chapter |13 pages


Japan, the Zen Arts and Myself

chapter 1|34 pages


An Idea and an Ideal of Japan

chapter 2|22 pages

A World Apart

Ascetic Reclusion and Aesthetic Enchantment in the History of the Zen Arts

chapter 3|33 pages

The Word and the Body in Practice

Aesthetics as Form and as Experience

chapter 4|36 pages

Mimesis and Visuality

The Imitation and Imagination of Aesthetic Value

chapter 5|32 pages

Structuring Relations

The Power of Person and Place

chapter 6|25 pages

Distinguishing Persons

The Code of and for Becoming a Practitioner

chapter 7|35 pages

Culture as Aesthetic Value

Ideological Dispositions and Commercial Affiliations in the Zen Arts

chapter 8|15 pages

Cracking Culture

Authenticity is a Cultural Choice