The proliferation of giant multi-organizational agencies in the last decade has fostered a rethinking of inter-organizational interactions. By synthesizing emerging planning theories with the most recent research in the field, How Organizations Act Together offers a unique and comprehensive perspective on how modern organizations interact. From missions to the moon to management and modern public policy, Alexander unravels the complexities of interorganizational coordination, providing students and scholars with the tools for understanding.

part I|78 pages


chapter 1|21 pages

What and Why?

Definitions and Premises

chapter 2|22 pages

Where and How?

Contexts, Relationships and Tools

chapter 3|32 pages

The Mechanics of Coordination

IOC Structures

part II|187 pages


chapter 4|35 pages

Coordination Without Hierarchy

Informal Coordination Links and Networks

chapter 5|36 pages

Formal Coordination:

Micro-Structures in Action

chapter 6|45 pages

Coordinating Organizations

Organizations as IOC Structures

chapter 7|28 pages

Mutual Organizations

IOC in Interorganizational Networks

chapter 8|39 pages

From Markets to Hierarchies

Meso-Structures for IOC

part III|61 pages


chapter 9|27 pages

Integrating What We Know

chapter 10|31 pages

The Architecture of Institutional Design

IOC Structures, Contexts, and Fit