This book investigates the uses of crusader medievalism – the memory of the crusades and crusading rhetoric and imagery – in Britain, from Walter Scott’s The Talisman (1825) to the end of the Second World War. It seeks to understand why and when the crusades and crusading were popular, how they fitted with other cultural trends of the Victorian and Edwardian eras, how their use was affected by the turmoil of the First World War and whether they were differently employed in the interwar years and in the 1939-45 conflict. Building on existing studies and contributing the fruits of fresh research, it brings together examples of the uses of the crusades from disparate contexts and integrates them into the story of the rise and fall crusader medievalism in Britain.

chapter |26 pages


part I|83 pages


part II|99 pages


chapter 4|24 pages

‘My dream comes true’

Crusading in the Great War

chapter 5|21 pages

Interwar Crusading

chapter 6|25 pages

‘The Tenth Crusade’ of the Most Noble Order of Crusaders (est. 1921)

A Deep Engagement with Crusadery

chapter 7|27 pages

‘A Crusade Which Lacks a Cross’?

Crusader Medievalism and the Second World War

chapter |8 pages


Rise and Fall