This book, originally published in 1966, deals mainly with morphemes and with grammatical and syntactic behaviour. Although some vocabulary material is contained in this volume, and some more in the Linguistic Survey of the Northern Bantu Borderland, vocabulary comparison itself plays little part. The volume presents an overall picture of the working of representative languages from each section of the Handbook and provides grammatical material which will help future students in classifying the languages to their typological as apart from their lexical features.

chapter |25 pages


chapter 1|32 pages

The Moru-Mangbetu Languages

chapter 2|26 pages

The Bongo-Bagirmi Languages

chapter 4|33 pages

The Mba (Class) Languages

chapter 5|20 pages

The Zande Group

chapter 7|7 pages

The Bua Group


8 Somrai Group

chapter 9|25 pages

The East Saharan Languages

chapter 10|1 pages


chapter 11|12 pages

The Maba Group

chapter 12|13 pages

The Tama Group

chapter 13|12 pages


chapter 14|12 pages

The Daju Group

chapter 15|10 pages

The Nyimang Group

chapter 16|9 pages

The Temein Group

chapter 17|8 pages

The Katla Group

chapter 18|30 pages

The Koalib-Tagoi (Class) Languages

chapter 19|13 pages

The Kadugli-Krongo Languages

chapter 20|15 pages

The Nubian Group

chapter 21|7 pages

Barya 1 (BAREA)

chapter 22|12 pages


chapter 23|4 pages


chapter 24|4 pages

Tabi (‘Ingassana’)


25 Gule

chapter 26|14 pages

The Koma Group

chapter 27|22 pages

The Did Inga-Murle Group

chapter 28|1 pages


chapter 29|9 pages

Teuso (Group or Isolated Unit?)

chapter 30|41 pages

The Nilotic Languages

chapter 31|52 pages

The Paranilotic Languages

chapter 32|75 pages

The Cushitic Languages

chapter 34|22 pages

The Iraqw Group 1

chapter 35|1 pages


chapter 36


chapter |21 pages


Characteristics of the Ethiopic Language Group of Semitic Languages