This newly revised and expanded edition of Women's Drug and Substance Abuse: A Comprehensive Analysis and Reflective Synthesis offers a unique analysis and synthesis of theory, empirical research, and clinical guidance for treating substance abuse among young, middle-aged, and older women of various racial and sociocultural backgrounds in the United States, 2000 to 2018. This text uses the most current research findings to examine the actions and effects of drugs, women’s patterns of medical and personal use and abuse, and common mental disorders associated with drug use. The authors also present their own empirically-based assessment model as well as prevention and treatment approaches specifically designed for women. Also included in the text is a comprehensive, cross-referenced subject index. Clear, comprehensive, accessible, and fully referenced, this book will be an invaluable resource for students and for professionals in all health and social care disciplines. Women's Drug and Substance Abuse is the 18th clinical pharmacology text that the Pagliaros have written over the past 40 years and is the 6th that deals exclusively with drug and substance abuse.