Croly explains the requirements for a genuinely popular system of representative government providing progressive liberalism with both a philosophical critique of the founding fathers' political outlook, and a political strategy for replacing it with something more in keeping with a new epoch. Although it was written in 1914, the intellectual structure remains largely intact within the liberal-progressive tradition.

chapter |28 pages


chapter I|17 pages

The People and the Law

chapter II|17 pages

The Pioneer Democracy and the Constitution

chapter III|18 pages

Aggressive and Triumphant Democracy

chapter IV|22 pages

The Old Economic Nationalism

chapter V|24 pages

The New Economic Nationalism

chapter VI|16 pages

The Law and its Benevolent Administration

chapter VII|20 pages

The Law and Its Reaction

chapter VIII|21 pages

The Law and the Faith

chapter IX|17 pages

The Individual and Society

chapter X|19 pages

The Ideal and the Program

chapter XI|25 pages

Popular Sovereignty

chapter XII|22 pages

The Advent of Direct Government

chapter XIII|17 pages

Direct versus Representative Government

chapter XIV|19 pages

Visions of a New State

chapter XV|27 pages

Majority Rule and Public Opinion

chapter XVI|19 pages

Executive versus Partisan Responsibility

chapter XVII|29 pages

The Administration as an Agent of Democracy

chapter XVIII|28 pages

Industrial Democracy

chapter XIX|25 pages

Social Education