Chris Schabel presents a detailed analysis of the radical solution given by the Franciscan Peter Auriol to the problem of reconciling divine foreknowledge with the contingency of the future, and of contemporary reactions to it. Auriol's solution appeared to many of his contemporaries to deny God's knowledge of the future altogether, and so it provoked intense and long-lasting controversy; Schabel is the first to examine in detail the philosophical and theological background to Auriol's discussion, and to provide a full analysis of Auriol's own writings on the question and the immediate reactions to them. This book sheds new light both on one of the central philosophical debates of the Middle Ages, and on theology and philosophy at the University of Paris in the first half of the 14th century, a period of Parisian intellectual life which has been largely neglected until now.

chapter |14 pages


part Part One|49 pages

The Background

chapter Chapter 1|30 pages

The Roots of the Debate

chapter Chapter 2|17 pages

The Immediate Context

part Part Two|68 pages

Peter Auriol's Theory

chapter Chapter 3|21 pages

Immutability Equals Necessity

chapter Chapter 4|18 pages

Indistant Knowledge of the Future

chapter Chapter 5|18 pages

Neutral Propositions

chapter Chapter 6|9 pages

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Willing

part Part Three|88 pages

The Reaction to Auriol's Theory at Paris

chapter Chapter 7|37 pages

Franciscans against the God of the Philosophers

chapter Chapter 8|17 pages

The Reaction outside the Franciscan Convent at Paris

chapter Chapter 9|32 pages

The Marchist School

part Part Four|94 pages

The Reaction in England and in the Late Middle Ages

chapter Chapter 10|36 pages

London and Oxford 1317–1344

chapter Chapter 11|27 pages

Paris 1343–1345

chapter Chapter 12|29 pages

Auriol's Theory in the Late Middle Ages

chapter |22 pages


The Quarrel at Louvain