Caring Confrontations for Education and Democracy makes a compelling case for redirecting current practices of education to focus on being educated rather than having an education.

The book offers a detailed analysis of how an education for democracy must encourage commitment to important ideals and strengthen the vulnerabilities of people which make them easily manipulated by politicians and the media. It addresses the need for education that focusses on people’s mode of being, so that in addition to becoming knowledgeable and skilful, people develop the disposition that is more appropriate for democratic living. Through embodying this approach of authentic spiritual growth through education, this book explores the idea of caring confrontations and critical reflection to enable personal change and growth.

Providing a thoughtful analysis of the role of education in democracy, the book will be of great interest to researchers, academics, and students in the fields of philosophy of education, educational theory and democratic education.

chapter Chapter 2|17 pages

The having mode of existence

chapter Chapter 3|16 pages

The being mode of existence

chapter Chapter 4|20 pages

Educating through confronting oneself

chapter Chapter 5|23 pages

A pedagogy of caring confrontation

chapter Chapter 6|23 pages

Confronting society and authorities

chapter Chapter 7|21 pages


Education of the demos as existential authenticity