Icons in Time, Persons in Eternity presents a critical, interdisciplinary examination of contemporary theological and philosophical studies of the Christian image and redefines this within the Orthodox tradition by exploring the ontological and aesthetic implications of Orthodox ascetic and mystical theology. It finds Modernist interest in the aesthetic peculiarity of icons significant, and essential for re-evaluating their relationship to non-representational art. Drawing on classical Greek art criticism, Byzantine ekphraseis and hymnography, and the theologies of St. Maximus the Confessor, St. Symeon the New Theologian and St. Gregory Palamas, the author argues that the ancient Greek concept of enargeia best conveys the expression of theophany and theosis in art. The qualities that define enargeia - inherent liveliness, expressive autonomy and self-subsisting form - are identified in exemplary Greek and Russian icons and considered in the context of the hesychastic theology that lies at the heart of Orthodox Christianity. An Orthodox aesthetics is thus outlined that recognizes the transcendent being of art and is open to dialogue with diverse pictorial and iconographic traditions. An examination of Ch’an (Zen) art theory and a comparison of icons with paintings by Wassily Kandinsky, Pablo Picasso, Mark Rothko and Marc Chagall, and by Japanese artists influenced by Zen Buddhism, reveal intriguing points of convergence and difference. The reader will find in these pages reasons to reconcile Modernism with the Christian image and Orthodox tradition with creative form in art.

part I|71 pages


chapter 1|24 pages

The Need to Redefine the Christian Image

chapter 2|22 pages

The Exemplary Work of Art

chapter 3|24 pages

Enargeia and Key Concepts

part II|75 pages

Theology and Art

chapter 4|24 pages

The Orthodox Icon and Modernism

chapter 5|18 pages

The New Iconoclasm

chapter 6|20 pages

Theological Fallacies

chapter 7|12 pages

Jacques Maritain's Dialogue with Modernism

part III|75 pages

Orthodox Iconology

chapter 8|16 pages

Asceticism and Iconoclasm

chapter 10|14 pages

The Image in St. John Damascene

chapter 11|18 pages

The Living Image in Byzantine Experience

part IV|87 pages

Theophany and Art

chapter 12|24 pages

Human and Divine Luminaries

chapter 13|18 pages

The Theophanic Icon

chapter 14|28 pages

Theophany and Modernism

chapter 15|16 pages

Enargeia and Transcendence in Zen Art

chapter |6 pages