Using literary, epigraphic, numismatic and iconographic sources this book investigates the safety devices that were in place for the protection of the emperor and the city of Rome in the imperial age. In the aftermath of the civil wars Augustus continued to provide for his physical safety in the same way as in the old Republic while, at the same time, overturning the taboo of armed men in the city. During the Augustan age, the division of the city into 14 regions and 265 vici was designed to establish control over the urban space. Augustus’ successors consolidated his policy but the specific roles of the various military or paramilitary forces remain a matter for debate. Drawing on the testimony of ancient authors such as Tacitus and Suetonius and on material evidence, the volume examines both the circumstances in which these forces intervened and the strategies that they adopted. It also examines the pre-Augustan, Augustan and post-Augustan sense of ‘securitas’, both as a philosophical and a political concept. The final section expands the focus from the city of Rome to the Italian peninsula where the security of the emperor as he travelled to his country residences required advance planning and implementation.

part I|69 pages

From public order to security

chapter 2|8 pages

Between Pax, Disciplina and Securitas

Moving the focus

chapter 3|39 pages

The security of Rome and the security of the emperor

The slow development of a discourse and its transformation into a communicative instrument

part II|18 pages

The birth of a dispositive

chapter 4|16 pages

The security of the Princeps in Rome

Military escorts and bodyguards

chapter 5|14 pages

The security of the urban area and its inhabitants

Civilian, paramilitary and military personnel

part III|21 pages

Testing a dispositive

chapter 6|24 pages

A topography of security and dangerous places

With an episode

chapter 7|22 pages

The urban soldiers and the city 1

part IV|14 pages

Policing and security in imperial Italy

chapter 8|7 pages

Praesidia Urbis et Italiae

Grumentum and its territory – a case study 1

chapter 9|22 pages

Praetoria and praetorians

The emperor’s travels and security (Latium Vetus) 1

chapter 10|15 pages

Emperors on the move

Security in the Campanian cities and in the Albanum Domitiani (first century ad) 1

chapter |47 pages


Securitati Caesaris totiusque Urbis